Top Blood Exporters 2022
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Top Blood Exporters 2022

Red blood cells (courtesy of Pixabay.com)
Red blood cells (Pixabay)

Overall exports of life-giving human and animal blood totaled US$6.1 billion in 2022.

That dollar amount results from a -26.8% reduction for all blood shippers since 2018 when global blood shipments were worth $8.4 billion.

Year over year, the value of blood exports decelerated by -58.8% compared to $14.7 billion during 2021.

The 5 biggest exporters of human or animal blood are the United States of America, United Kingdom, Ireland, France and Germany. That quintet of major blood exporters generated over three-fifths (62.9%) of blood exported in 2022. That percentage suggests a concentrated cohort of blood exporting nations.

Among continents, suppliers in Europe sold the highest dollar worth of exported blood during 2022 with shipments valued at $60.9 billion or about three-fifths (60.9%) of worldwide blood exports. In second place were North American exporters at 28.5% trailed by those in Asia at 8.1%.

Smaller percentages came from sellers in Oceania (1.8%) led by Australia and New Zealand, Latin America (0.4%) excluding Mexico but including the Caribbean, and Africa (0.2%).

For research purposes, the 6-digit Harmonized Tariff System code is 300290 which covers both human blood and animal blood for therapeutic, prophylactic or diagnostic uses.

Below are the 15 countries that exported the highest dollar value worth of blood during 2022.

  1. United States: US$1.7 billion (27.7% of total blood exports)
  2. United Kingdom: $761.2 million (12.5%)
  3. Ireland: $686.4 million (11.3%)
  4. France: $379.8 million (6.3%)
  5. Germany: $313.5 million (5.2%)
  6. Belgium: $299.4 million (4.9%)
  7. Netherlands: $261.8 million (4.3%)
  8. Denmark: $210.8 million (3.5%)
  9. Switzerland: $195.9 million (3.2%)
  10. Singapore: $167.6 million (2.8%)
  11. India: $139.6 million (2.3%)
  12. Czech Republic: $112.3 million (1.8%)
  13. Austria: $102.6 million (1.7%)
  14. Australia: $88.5 million (1.5%)
  15. Hungary: $76.4 million (1.3%)

By value, the listed 15 countries shipped 90.2% of blood exported in 2022.

Among the top exporters, the four fastest-growing blood exporters since 2021 were: India (up 129.7%), Austria (up 34.2%), Czech Republic (up 24.3%) and Hungary (up 12.9%).

Major suppliers that posted declines in their exported blood sales were led by: Ireland (down -86.8% from 2021), Germany (down -74.1%), Denmark (down -61.4%), France (down -55.8%) and the United States of America (down -47.2%).

Countries Generating Best Surpluses from Global Blood Trade

The following countries posted the highest positive net exports for blood during 2022. Investopedia defines net exports as the value of a country’s total exports minus the value of its total imports. Thus, the statistics below present the surplus between the value of each country’s exported blood and its import purchases for that same commodity.

  1. United States: US$552.2 million (net export surplus down -59.3% since 2021)
  2. Denmark: $184.5 million (down -57.4%)
  3. United Kingdom: $175.6 million (down -30.5%)
  4. Switzerland: $143.5 million (up 1.2%)
  5. Singapore: $100.9 million (down -34.5%)
  6. Czech Republic: $63.3 million (reversing a -$6.1 million deficit)
  7. Austria: $61.3 million (up 451.5%)
  8. Netherlands: $60.2 million (down -41.7%)
  9. Hungary: $53 million (up 200.6%)
  10. Germany: $52.7 million (down -65.4%)
  11. South Korea: $26.9 million (down -81.7%)
  12. mainland China: $13.8 million (reversing a -$602.3 million deficit)
  13. Poland: $9.2 million (reversing a -$28.5 million deficit)
  14. Mauritius: $7.9 million (reversing a -$25,000 deficit)
  15. Japan: $6.9 million (reversing a -$231.2 million deficit)

World-leading the United States of America generated the highest surplus in the international trade of blood. In turn, this positive cashflow confirms strong American competitive advantages for this specific product category.

Countries Causing Largest Deficits from Global Blood Trade

The following countries recorded the biggest negative net exports for blood during 2022. Investopedia defines net exports as the value of a country’s total exports minus the value of its total imports. Thus, the statistics below present the deficit between the value of each country’s imported blood purchases and its exports for that same commodity.

  1. Sweden: -US$597.4 million (net export deficit up 65.4% since 2021)
  2. Canada: -$442 million (up 4%)
  3. Guatemala: -$254.7 million (up 12457%)
  4. Italy: -$236.8 million (down -21.6%)
  5. France: -$169.2 million (reversing a $47.8 million surplus)
  6. Brazil: -$146.2 million (down -47.6%)
  7. Belgium: -$120.2 million (reversing a $25.6 million surplus)
  8. Australia: -$100.4 million (down -20.8%)
  9. Russia: -$97.8 million (down -63.2%)
  10. Mexico: -$83.7 million (up 36.3%)
  11. India: -$81.5 million (up 5.2%)
  12. Spain: -$79.8 million (down -26%)
  13. Nigeria: -$63.8 million (down -31.1%)
  14. Ecuador: -$56.1 million (up 16%)
  15. Argentina: -$55.5 million (up 280.6%)

Sweden incurred the highest deficit in the international trade of blood. In turn, this negative cashflow highlights Sweden’s competitive disadvantage for this specific product category but also signals opportunities for blood-supplying countries that help satisfy the powerful worldwide demand.

Blood-Equipment Exporting Companies

According to global trading platform Alibaba, the following suppliers are examples of export companies that engage in the international trade of blood giving equipment and supplies including blood transfusion sets.

  • Alredwan International Trading (Turkey)
  • Angi Plast Private Limited (India)
  • Anhui Tiankang Medical Technology (China)
  • Daddy D Pro (Pakistan)
  • Medicfit Technology Sdn. BHD (Malaysia)
  • Ultra for Medical Products Ultramed UMIC (Egypt)

The home-country location for each business is shown within parentheses.
 

See also Top Antibiotics Exporters by Country, Drugs and Medicine Exports by Country, Top Artificial Joints Exporters by Country and Top Toothpaste Exports by Country

Research Sources:
Alibaba, Suppliers for blood-giving sets. Accessed on September 5, 2023

Central Intelligence Agency, The World Factbook Field Listing: Exports – Commodities. Accessed on September 5, 2023

Forbes Global 2000 rankings, The World’s Biggest Public Companies. Accessed on September 5, 2023

International Trade Centre, Trade Map. Accessed on September 5, 2023

Investopedia, Net Exports Definition. Accessed on September 5, 2023

Wikipedia, Blood. Accessed on September 5, 2023

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