Pierre Cardin, the French couturier who pioneered designer licensing, has died

Pierre Cardin, the French couturier who pioneered the designer licensing business by putting his name not just on ready-to-wear clothes but also on sunglasses, luggage, carpets and kitchen appliances, has died. He was 98.

France’s Academy of Fine Arts, of which Cardin was a member since 1992, announced his death in a tweet Tuesday. The academy did not give a cause or say where or when the legendary designer died.

Trained in the Paris workrooms of Christian Dior, Elsa Schiaparelli and Jeanne Paquin, Cardin opened his own salon in 1950. Nine years later he broke with the custom-order clothing tradition